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Understanding the types of brain injury

Every brain injury is dangerous. Regardless of the cause, it is important for the patient to receive immediate medical care.

Below are the many types of traumatic brain injury:

-- Concussion. This typically happens when a person suffers a blow to the head, such as in a motor vehicle accident or sporting event. While this injury may not be as serious as some others, it can cause impairments that last forever.

-- Contusion. Also caused by head impact, bleeding on the brain must be treated at once. In some cases, this means surgery.

-- Diffuse axonal. This injury is caused by the strong rotation of the head, often associated with a motor vehicle accident.

-- Penetration. Penetration can come from any type of object, commonly a knife, bullet, or debris in the event of a motor vehicle accident.

What is an acquired brain injury? This results from brain damage caused by tumors, strokes, anoxia, hypoxia, disease, near drowning and other conditions not associated with external force.

Anoxia, for example, happens when the brain does not receive any oxygen. A hypoxic injury occurs when the brain receives some oxygen, but not enough.

You hope that you never suffer a brain injury, but this could happen when you least expect it. If you or a loved one in North Carolina are faced with this situation, you want to know the type of injury, the impact, and of course, the treatment options.

Brain injuries are complex, as no two are the same. Fortunately, every injury, regardless of the severity, can be treated in some way.

Source: Brain Injury Alliance, "Types and Levels of Brain Injury," accessed Dec. 02, 2015

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